National Cancer Institute U.S. National Institutes of Health | www.cancer.gov
U.S. National Institute of Health www.cancer.gov
HIV/AIDS Cancer Match Study

For Patients and Providers

The HIV/AIDS Cancer Match Study is not a clinical study and does not evaluate cancer treatment. The investigators cannot offer medical advice to patients or their providers.

HIV-infected people have a high risk for certain cancers. This high risk occurs because HIV weakens the immune system. Also, HIV-infected people are frequently infected with other viruses that cause cancer themselves. In addition, cancer risk is increased by tobacco and alcohol use.

Regular medical care provides the opportunity for HIV-infected patients to discuss their health concerns with their providers and receive appropriate HIV treatment. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can reduce the risk of some cancers, most notably Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. For HIV-infected women, specific screening is recommended for cervical cancer. Other cancers can be prevented through changes in behavior, such as by quitting smoking or reducing alcohol consumption.

Cancers for which HIV-infected people have a high risk:

Cancers for which risk is the same as in the general population: